BMXE – The History of Hip Hop Music
Hip-hop music originated in the late 60s of the 20th century and continues to evolve to the present day. That what began more than 30 years ago, boiled over into a particular movement and culture. Hip-hop culture originated in New York among black and Latino urban. Street culture existed for centuries in all countries. But in USA, a country of urban cities, it had a special isolation from society.And then she spilled on the streets of white quarters and then to the masses the show-business, discos, cinema, etc. Hip-hop culture has been internationally recognized with the 70th. Its main components are rap (MC’ing), break-dance, graffiti, street types of sports games. So, how it all started.
Despite the fact that hip-hop as a way of life originated long ago in various parts of North America, the real birthplace of it is considered to be the South Bronx – the black urban of New York, one of the poorest quarters. But the word “hip-hop” did not yet exist, it was invented a few years later, when already grown-up culture needed some overall title, by a legendary DJ (DJ), Africa Bambaataa.In 1967 to South Bronx came Clive Campbell from Jamaican, who was labeled Kool Herc. He is considered to be one of the founders of hip-hop. Kool Herc became that, what later became known as “DJ”. In Jamaica, the DJ was a “master” of the music system, which evolved around the lives of youth. He arranged parties, made an interesting speech-feast into the microphone. Soon he became known as MC ( “master of ceremony”) – he gathered music plates, played and announced them. And when a DJ, besides making music, announced some rythmic text it became known as the word “rap”.
Soon Kool Herc for the convenience of the dancers began to repeat the instrumental breaks between verses, during which the dancers came out to the dance-floor and showed their skills. Kool Herc marked the enthusiasm of the dancers for such breaks, and naimed the term “B-Boy”, “Break boys” – for those who are moving in the manner of breaks, and the dance was called breakdancing style (breaking).”MC” has become synonymous with rap, when rappers have become not only DJs but also performers, who are able to move in a special hip-hop manner.In the late 60th breakdance existed in the form of two separate dances – New York acrobatic style, which we call the lower break, and the Los Angeles-based mime (upper break). It is an acrobatic style of breaking that was originally twisted by bboys in break-dance. It became popular, after 1969, when James Brown wrote a funk-hit “The Good Foot” and performed some elements of this dance on the stage.
Bambaataa formed his own break-dancing team called Zulu Nation, which eventually grew into the organization and included rappers, DJs, graffiti artists and dancers. Zulu Nation, along with other teams contributed to promote break-dancing.Bambaataa included 5 elements into the hip-hop culture: MC’ing ( “Rapping” – rap), DJ’ing, Graffiti (Writing), Dancing (Breaking, Up-Rocking, Popping, Locking), and knowledges. The last item on his sense means that there is a lack of knowledge about hip-hop culture. Veteran of the hip-hop and a leader of the b-boys in the 70th of XX century was Richard Colon, known as “Crazy Legs”. His break-dance group “Rock Steady Crew” – one of the most vocal and motor, created a new culture of hip-hop. Brake and rap have become synonymous with hip-hop, to which also refers graffiti as one of the factors that promote the popularization of hip-hop.
Old school (old school) includes popping, locking, breakdance. Popping in its turn is divided into boogaloo, electric boogaloo, tetris, waiving, robot, egypcian, pop corn. Style “locking” became scenic standard for many black singers and MTV stars such as Janet Jackson and her dancers, as well as many others are moving in this style. In the 90th there was a new form of hip-hop, which connects traffic from the old school styles: popping, locking, break-dancing (but more focused on footwork as opposed to acrobatic style), as well as from many other styles. Gradually, penetrating into the pop culture, absorbing all the new elements and styles, transforming, hip-hop has become the leading dance direction and separated into a single direction – hip-hop.
There are video clips of famous stars of hip-hop and R’n’B music, we see the dancers moving in the style of new style hip-hop. Hip-hop as a dance area is so popular that it has penetrated into our lives everywhere – in the show, music videos, dance schools and centers, fitness clubs, cinema, theater, etc. After more than 30 years since the outbreak and development of hip-hop there are no signs of slowing down this culture.
Hip hop as music and culture formed during the 1970s when block parties became increasingly popular in New York City, particularly among African American youth residing in the Bronx. At block parties DJs played percussive breaks of popular songs using two turntables to extend the breaks. Hip hop’s early evolution occurred as sampling technology and drum-machines became widely available and affordable. Turntablist techniques developed along with the breaks and the Jamaican toasting vocal style was used. Rapping developed as a vocal style in which the artist speaks along with an instrumental or synthesized beat. The first hip hop record is widely regarded to be The Sugarhill Gang’s “Rapper’s Delight”, from 1979. The 1980s marked the diversification of hip hop as the genre developed more complex styles. Prior to the 1980s, hip hop music was largely confined within the United States. However, during the 1980s, it began its spread and became a part of the music scene in dozens of countries.
New school hip hop was the second wave of hip hop music, originating in 1983–84 with the early records of Run-D.M.C. and LL Cool J. The Golden age hip hop period was an innovative period between the mid-1980s and the early 1990s. Notable bands included Public Enemy and A Tribe Called Quest. Gangsta rap is a subgenre of hip hop that reflects the violent lifestyles of inner-city American black youths. N.W.A is the group most frequently associated with the founding of gangsta rap. Controversy surrounded Ice-T’s song “Cop Killer”. In the West Coast hip hop style, G-funk dominated mainstream hip hop for several years. East Coast hip hop in the early 1990s was dominated by the Native Tongues posse and artists such as Nas and Notorious B.I.G..
In the 1990s, hip hop began to diversify with other regional styles emerging on the national scene, such as Southern rap and Atlanta hip hop. At the same time, hip hop continued to be assimilated into other genres of popular music, an example being Neo soul. Hip hop became a best-selling music genre in the mid-1990s and the top selling music genre by 1999. The popularity of hip hop music continued through the 2000s. Dr. Dre was an important figure and Eminem was successful. Hip hop influences also found their way increasingly into mainstream pop during this period mainly the mid-2000s. In addition to the mainstream success, the United States also saw the success of alternative hip hop styles, such as Crunk, a music that emphasized the beats and music more than the lyrics. Starting in 2005, sales of hip hop music in the United States began to severely wane. During the mid-2000s that alternative hip hop secured a place within the mainstream, due in part to the crossover success of artists such as OutKast and Kanye West.
New generation hip hop artist, recently turning 23 is one of the most talented young hip hop artists today. Brandon Vee began writing at the age of 9 to cope with social problems he had at school. At 14 Brandon wrote and recorded his first track and hasn’t looked back since. His lyrical talent and appearance capture a wide range audience from young females lulled by some of his pop and R&B undertone, to the young and older males dazzled by his lyricism. Hip Hop Recording Artist – Songwriter Brandon Vee trademark emotive sound. His controversial lyrics, unpredictable flow, and sense of humor, has him listed a method contribution to music he refuses to compromise, and effortlessly revolutionized hip hop.